Theophilus Feutrill [senior] There are two christening records for Theophilus at St Leonard's Bilston, Staffordshire. The first is on 4th November 1771 and the second is on 5th December 1772. Both record him as the illegitimate son of Sarah Fewtrell.
Theophilus enlisted in the 102nd Regiment, NSW Corp as a private on 15th August 1789 in Birmingham. Theophilus was a buckle maker by trade. He travelled to NSW aboard the Neptune, part of the Second Fleet which left Portsmouth on 19th January, 1790 and arrived at Sydney Cove on 28th June, 1790. Theophilus was part of a detachment of troops sent to Norfolk Island in the Surprise under Captain Hill in August of 1790. He returned to Sydney in November 1791.
First Marriage: On 21st June 1795, Theophuilus married his first wife Ann Short, who was aged about 17. [Ref V1795305 3A/1795 under Fenton and V1795192 4/1795 under Fentrill]] The marriage took place at St Phillips Church of England, Sydney. Ann was a convict, born about 1777 who arrived in NSW aboard the Kitty on 18th November, 1792 after being sentenced in Dublin to 7 years transportation.
Theophilus and Ann had two children;
Joseph Fewtrell [Fewtrell and Fewnis] born 25th October 1794, Sydney. 1794 V1794393 1A/1794 and V1794309 4/1794
Theophilus Fewtrell born and died 15th March 1797, Sydney. V1797806 4/1797 [as Fritrill or Futrill] Buried Old Sydney Burial Ground]
Death: Ann died four days after the birth of baby Theophus. She was only twenty years old. [Ref V17971286 2A/1797 and V1797809 4/1797 as Futrill] Ann and her baby were buried in the Old Sydney Burial Ground on the site of what is now the Town Hall in Sydney.
Second Marriage: Theophilus married Ann Carey on 13th August 1799 in St Phillips Church of England, Sydney. Both Theophilus and Ann signed their marriage certificate with an X indicating they could not read or write. However oral history suggests that Ann could read and write and taught her children. Sons Theophilus and Samuel could both read and write. At the time, convicts where not expected to be literate and so were often only asked to make their mark, rather than sign their name.
Theophilus Futrill  [unconfirmed] born about 1799 died 1799 [V17991283 2A/1799] buried March 10 1799 Old Sydney Burial Ground. Could these entries refer to Theophilus who died in 1797?
Elizabeth Fentrill, born 7th February, 1800, Sydney; V1800895 1A/1800 and V1800640 4/1800. Elizabeth Futeril ]sic] died aboard the Buffalo on 6th November 1804. Reference TNA Adm36/15795, courtesy of Glen Lambert, NSW Corps research project
Theophilus Futrile  [unconfirmed] born 1801 [V18011300 1A/1801] Sydney; died before 1804 possibly [It is possible this entry refers to Theophilus  below]
Mary Ann Futrile/Futrell, born 17th April, 1802, Sydney, baptised 5th August 1804. V18021154 4/1802 and V18021301 1A/1802 Married George Smith 16th January 1819. Port Dalrymple. Died 17th March 1828 aged 26.
Theophilus Futrell  junior, born 18th June 1804, Sydney. V18041153 4/1804 Married Jane Murphy. My Great x 4 Grandparents
Elizabeth Feutrill, born 1806, baptised 26th February 1811 by Rev Robert Knopwood. Married John Tibbs, 3rd August 1824 Launceston, VDL. Died 18th March 1828 aged 21, the day after her sister Mary died.
Samuel Feutrill, born about 1809, Port Dalrymple, Tasmania. Baptised 26th February, 1811 Married (1) Maria Murphy (2) Jane Hogben. Died 20th August 1855 Samuel married Maria Murphy, sister of Jane Murphy above on 21st June, 1830. They had one child, Amelia born 10th July 1834. Maria died 22nd, September 1834. She was aged about 20. Samuel married again on 19th January 1835, to Jane Hogben. Their children were: Mary Ann, born about 22 December 1835; Samuel James, born about 1st November 1837; William Thomas, born 12th June, 1840; Theophilus, born 23rd, June, 1842; Sarah Jane, born 4th May 1845; John born 11th June, 1847. Jane died 4th June 1857 aged 37.[Died suddenly at the residence of her father, widow of the late Samuel - Launceston Examiner]
Ann Feutrill born 1812 Died before 1819 as she is not listed on Children of Free Persons at Port Dalrymple 1819
James Feutrill born about 1813 Baptised 9th March 1814 , Launceston. The Sydney Gazette of 25th October 1831 carries a report titled "Dreadful Occurrence" which tells how Mr Feutril [sic] invited a man named Wallace Turner back to the house he shared with his two brothers where they all partook of wine, leaving Mr Turner intoxicated. He was to share a bed with James, who awoke in the night to find Turner had grabbed him and stabbed between the shoulders, drawing the knife down the length of one arm. Turner was finally subdued by Theophilus and thrown into the street whereupon he proceeded to batter at their door until he was taken into custody. The cause of the attack was put down to "the demonic effects of insobriety". James recovered but doubt was held as to if he would regain full use of his arm. The Sydney Gazette dated 25th October 1831carried an extended version of the same account: Dreadful Occurrence: It is our task this week to notice one of the most terrific occurrences arising from the effects of drinking, that has come under our observation since we have been in the Colony. On Tuesday last, a man named Wallace Turner, with some companions, came into Launceston, and were accommodated with lodgings for the night by Mr. Feutril, a respectable inhabitant. Mr. F had two brothers in the house with him, one of whom, James, was to sleep with Turner. To treat his friends, Feutril sent for wine ; and the evening being passed with the utmost convivality, the parties retired to rest. Turner being very much intoxicated. Towards morning James Feutril was astonished by finding himself suddenly grasped by his bed-fellow; and, almost at the same instant, Turner exclaimed, "now I have got you," and inflicted a wound with a clasp- knife upon the unfortunate young man, of the most dreadful description. The stab was between the shoulders, and the knife drawn over the shoulder, and down the arm, to the length of fourteen inches. Feutril instantly ran into his brothel's bed-room, exclaiming he was stabbed, upon which his brother went into the other room, and there saw Turner standing with the knife in his hand. He called upon him to lay down the knife, which he re- fused to do, and made towards the elder brother, who, finding the wretched man in such a desperate state, ran to his gun, and having in vain endeavoured to keep Turner off, was at length compelled to knock him down with the butt end of the piece. Being thus stunned, the wretched man was dragged into the street, and the door closed upon him ; but such was his desperation, that on recovering himself, he attacked the door with the most dreadful imprecations. By this time the nature of young Feutril's wound was discovered, and surgical aid called in: and the constabulary coming up at the moment, the man Turner was secured and lodged in custody, where he still remains, pending the surgeon's report. The life of the wounded man is not despaired off; but little hopes are entertained of his recovering the proper use of his arm. Since the occurrence, Turner has written to the elder Feutril, stating that he did know what he was about, and expressing the utmost contrition. Indeed, no cause can be assigned for the assault but the demoniac effects of insobriety. Launceston advertiser dated 19th September 1831 carried the following notice: James FEUTRILL. - We are desired to correct an error which by some means crept into our account of the circumstance of this young man having been so dreadfully wounded by a man named Wallace Turner, while under the influence of liquor. The parties were not drinking at Futrill's house. Turner and a settler named Daley, came there late, the former being intoxicated, and at the request of Daley, Turner was accommodated with lodgings. We are happy to add that the young man is likely to get quite over his wound in a few days, under the skilful treatment of his medical attendants. James Travelled to Adelaide in the brig Julia arriving 11th January 1846. Possible married to Elizabeth Neil on 15th April 1851, Adelaide, South Australia. Died 1889 Maryborough Victoria.
Thomas Feutrill, born 22nd August 1814, Baptised 11th January 1819 St Johns Launceston [private researcher] - NOTE: Baptisms for St Johns between March 1814 and November 1819 do not appear to have been indexed at Tas Lincs or filmed at Family Search. Died 5th March 1831 aged 17 occupation, wheelwright. [indexed under Fentrill].
Military Service: Details available at Find My Past
1804: Theophilus and Ann and their young family moved to Van Damiens Land [Tasmania] aboard the HMS Buffalo
December 1808 Theophilus was promoted to the rank of Corporal.
1810: the NSW Regiment was recalled to England and Theophilus who returned to Sydney with his family transferred to the 73rd Regiment to stay in VDL.
March 1810: returned to Tasmania.
May 1814: Theophilus was marked as a deserter on the Regimental records. The reason for this is that he was one of a group of soldiers held back by Lt Col Thomas Davey against Governor MacQuarie's orders when the 73rd regiment was recalled. Davey was concerned that bush rangers would pose a threat to the small community while they awaited the arrival of the 46th Regiment. Theophilus suffered no disciplinary action and records show he was instrumental in apprehending several bush rangers. Reports show Theo returned to duty on 27th August.
1815: Theophilus and his eldest son from his first marriage, Joseph who was also in the regiment, sailed to Sydney. The rest of the family remained in Launceston.
August 1818: Theophilus and Joseph sailed to Trincomalee, Ceylon with the 73rd Regiment.
July 1820: Theophilus is discharged home, due to ill health. He is described as 'worn out, unfit for further service' Description: Aged 48 years, 5'8" tall, brown hair, blue eyes, fair complexion. Trade: Buckle maker. He signed his discharge papers with an X indicating that he still could not write.
A Sad Postscript: The following is an extract from Worcestershire Burial Index and was reprinted in 'The Midland Ancestor; Vol 12/No 6, Dec 1999' [Courtesy of Hayden Bingham] Fewtril, Theophilus. Buried 9 May 1821 - St James Anglican, Hartlebury Parish Worcestershire. Man unknown was found hanging in a cow house at Waresley, Monday May 7. A discharge from the 47th Regt. Foot dated Vol 5 1820 was found in his pocket with an allowance of 1/5 a day. Name in Discharge Theophilus Fewtril, Native of Bilston, by trade a Bucklemaker, served in the army 31 years, aged about 48. Coroners Warrant for burial dated May 8th. [Hartlebury is about twenty miles south of Trysull, Staffordshire - Theo's mother's birthplace]
An Inquest into Theophilus' death was held on the 8 May before Mr Hallan, Coroner: Yesterday at the Crown Inn Warseley, on view the body of an unfortunate man who was suspended by his neck by two pocket handkerchiefs to the rafter of a cow house in Warseley Green in the Parish of Hartlebury. From the state in which he was found it was thought he must have been hanging for some hours; it appears that the deceased [who was unknown in the neighbourhood] had been seen wandering about the Green in an apparently desponding state; there was no money in his pockets nor any other articles except a comb and a pension certificate in the name “Theophilus Futrell” examined 5th July 1820 from which it appeared he had served upwards of 28 years in the 73rd and 102nd Regiments. The certificate is signed Joseph Lynn and the Pensioner is herein directed to reside in Hampton Staffordshire. In it Futrell is described as being 5 foot 8 inches with brown hair, blue eyes and a fair complexion. As far as could be ascertained this description corresponded with the deceased, but the coroner informed the jury that there was not sufficient legal proof before them of the deceased being the Pensioner therein mentioned, though there was little doubt of it’s being so. His clothes comb and certificate are in the hands of the Parish Constable. The jury returned a verdict that the deceased hung himself being insane.
A Note on the name FEUTRILL. In my reseach I have come across many spelling variations of Feutrill. Some of them are Fentrill, Futrill, Feutrel, Feutril, Futrel, Fewnis, Fewtrell, Futrile, Fritil, Futril, Fenton. Many BDM records appear under several spellings. Theophilus senior used the spelling Fewtrell on his enlistment papers. However his son, Theophilus junior, used the spelling Feutrill and this seems to be the accepted spelling in Australia today.