My Great Grandparents

George Thomas Hickson, was born Macleay River [later known as Frederickton], NSW on
30th July, 1873, to
Peter Hickson and Matilda Ann Sheppard.  George's occupation was a
labourer on the wharves.

Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children :
On 10th March 1880 Walter, Ada, William [Peter] George, Edward and Frederick were
admitted to the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children by their mother, Matilda. Baby
Benjamin is not listed. Her address at the time was Maitland Place off Parramatta Street,
Sydney. The reasons given for the admittance of the children were mistreatment [?], neglect
and desertion by father. Their admission was noted 'To pay two pounds six per week for each
child'. This probably applied to Matilda as she later says she was the one who placed the
children in the facility.  On 14th April 1880 all of the children except Edward were
discharged to their father, Peter, who gave the address 8 Glenmore Rd Paddington. What
followed then was recorded in The Sydney Morning Herald dated 18th May 1880 under the
headline
"Shocking Destitution":

SHOCKING DESTITUTION.
The truth of the aphorism that one-half the world has no idea how the other half lives was
fully exemplified at the Water Police Court yesterday morning, when a case was brought
under the notice of the magistrates which dis closed a state of misery and wretchedness
seldom heard of in this community. Peter Hickson, a middle-aged man, described as a
sawyer, together with a woman named Mary Jane Mackay, was charged with having no
lawful means of support, while five children-four boys, whose ages ranged from 2 years to 11
years, and a girl-were also brought before the Court as destitute children, having been found
on Saturday night sleeping out in the open air. From the statement of senior-sergeant Bremner,
it appeared that he discovered the five children on Saturday night at about 8 o'clock lying in
the scrub at the water reserve, Moore Park, in company with the father and a woman of the
vagrant class. The children, who were lying asleep on the bare ground, were in a most filthy
and pitiable condition. They were wretchedly clad, what little clothing they had on being in a
state of rags, and the unfortunate waifs were shivering bitterly with the cold. One of the
children, a girl about 11 years of age, told the constable that she was sent out begging by her
father every day, and whenever she came home without either money or food she was
flogged. Whatever money she obtained by begging she always gave to her father, who
invariably spent it in drink. The children were not only disgustingly dirty, but also more or less
afflicted with blight in the eyes, the result of exposure and want. The constable had the
children forthwith conveyed to the police station, where they were washed and fed. The father
and the woman who was found lying in the scrub with the children were also taken to the
station, and were charged with having no lawful means of support. Matilda Hickson, the
mother of the children, informed the Bench that she was in service, and received a sum of 12s
per week, out of which she had to pay 10s for the support of one of her children two years of
age. In March last she got five of the children into the Randwick Asylum, where they were in
good health and quite contented ; but the father took them out against her wishes and without
her consent, and since then they had been going about the streets begging. The father stated
that he was turned out of his house with his children lately because he could not pay the rent,
and that he took them out of the asylum to provide for them himself, but had since been
unable to obtain work. Mr. Marsh, in commenting on the case, said that it was very painful to
see an able-bodied healthy man like the prisoner living in such degradation and abject
misery, and allowing his children to suffer such horrible privations through his own laziness.
His personal appearance was sufficient to inspire any one with disgust, and he was nothing
better than a disgrace to humanity. Hickson was sentenced to six months' imprisonment, with
hard labour, in Darlinghurst gaol ; and the woman who was found in his company, and who
said that she had been " hired by Mr. Hickson to mind the children," was sent to gaol for two
months. The children were ordered to be sent to the Industrial School.

The Evening News (Sydney) dated 19th February 1889 reported:
Thomas Rutherford and George Hickson were each fined 1s for having bathed within view of
the public.
[unconfirmed]

The Evening News dated 17th August 1894 reported:
A Vagrants Camp
.
The Paddington police have made a clearance of vagrants from Red Hill, a locality adjoining
the Centennial Park, and brought no fewer than seven before the court yesterday on charges
of having insufficient lawful means of support. Their names were
George Hickson, William
Wilson, Matthew Mackenzie, William Webb, William Edward Holloway,
Edward Hickson,
John Clarke, and Reuben Chandler, and their ages ranged from 18 to 30. The evidence of
Sergeant Costigan and Con stable Stafford was that at the camp there was quite an army of
these men who lived by begging in the vicinity. They had no employment of any kind, and
their habits were at times indecent, inasmuch as when their washing day approached they
were almost destitute of garments. Mr. Edward, D.S.M., discharged Chandler, and sentenced
Holloway, who had been previously convicted, to three months' hard labor, and all the others
to 14 days' hard labor.

News dated 17th September 1895 reported:
Anthony Aussell, Edward Hickson, and George Hickson were charged, on remand with
having, in company, stolen a cast metal wheel, valued at 20s, the property of George
Davidson. Edward Hickson and George Hickson were discharged, and Aussell was sentenced
to one month's imprisonment with hard labor.

Sarah Jane Tune, was born in Greater Grimsby,Caistor, Lincholnshire, UK in December
quarter 1874, eldest daughter of
George Tune and Lina Mary Watkinson.  Sarah came to
Australia with her family aboard the 'Ellora' arriving in December 1886.  On 29th June
1893, Sarah gave birth to a son,
Ernest Henry Tune at her family home at 12 Gipps Street,
Paddington. She was unmarried at the time. George's family were also living in Gipps Street
at number 18 at the same time.  On 23rd August 1919 George claimed paternity of Ernest
under the
Legitimation Act of 1902

Marriage: George Thomas Hickson and Sarah Jane Tune were married on 2nd June 1897
according to the Rites of the Methodist Episcopalian Church.  The marriage took place at 57
Phillip Street, Sydney. W T Adams was the minister. This residence was registered to
Weldon's Marriage Association and appears to have been the venue for Methodist
Episcopalian weddings. The witnesses were P Piers and Edward Hickson [brother of George]  
George's residence is shown as Paddington and Sarah's as Neutral Bay. George's occupation
is labourer. Sarah's is shown as 'Domestic'

Continued on Page Two
George Thomas Hickson and Sarah Jane Tune
Last Update 9th September 2014
Below: Cottage at 12 Gipps Street Paddington where my grandfather Ernest was born and Sarah
Tune's family lived.
Cottage at 18 Gipps Street Padding where George lived with his parents.
Bottom: Cottage at 1 Cromwell Street Croydon, family home of George and Sarah until their
deaths. This house was owned by the family.